Posted in Biology, Cell Biology

Eukaryotes vs Prokaryotes

You will need to know the differences and similarities between Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes.

The table below will help you.


(Bacteria Cell)


(Animal and Plant Cells)

DNA Has DNA but not enclosed in a nucleus.

DNA also found in Plasmids

DNA is enclosed within a nucleus

No Plasmids

Cell Membrane Yes Yes
Cell Wall Yes Yes, in Plant Cells
Cytoplasm Yes Yes
Ribosomes Yes Yes
Mitochondria No Yes
Chloroplasts No Yes, in Plant Cells


No Yes, in Plant Cells
Flagella Sometimes No


  • Pro means before and karyote, roughly,  means nucleus. So a prokaryote means before nucleus which you can see as its DNA floating free in the cytoplasm.
  • Eukaryotes are more complex
  • Eukaryotes are often bigger
  • Eukaryotes usually make up multicellular* organisms where prokaryotes tend to be just one cell

*multicellular – made up of more than 1 cell.