You will need to know the differences and similarities between eukaryotes and prokaryotes.
The table below will help you.
(Animal and Plant Cells)
|DNA||Has DNA but not enclosed in a nucleus. DNA also found in Plasmids||DNA is enclosed within a nucleus No Plasmids|
|Cell Wall||Yes||Yes, in Plant Cells|
|Chloroplasts||No||Yes, in Plant Cells|
|Permanent vacuole||No||Yes, in Plant Cells|
- Pro means before and karyote, roughly, means nucleus. So a prokaryote means before nucleus which you can see as its DNA floating free in the cytoplasm.
- Eukaryotes are more complex
- Eukaryotes are often bigger
- Eukaryotes usually make up multicellular* organisms, e.g. humans, where prokaryotes tend to be just one cell
*multicellular – made up of more than 1 cell.
I now know the difference between a Prokaryote and Eukaryote! #Science4EBTweet