Eukaryotes vs Prokaryotes

You will need to know the differences and similarities between eukaryotes and prokaryotes.

The table below will help you.

(Bacteria Cell)
(Animal and Plant Cells)
DNAHas DNA but not enclosed in a nucleus. DNA also found in PlasmidsDNA is enclosed within a nucleus No Plasmids
Cell MembraneYesYes
Cell WallYesYes, in Plant Cells
ChloroplastsNoYes, in Plant Cells
Permanent  vacuoleNoYes, in Plant Cells
A table of similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells


  • Pro means before and karyote, roughly,  means nucleus. So a prokaryote means before nucleus which you can see as its DNA floating free in the cytoplasm.
  • Eukaryotes are more complex
  • Eukaryotes are often bigger
  • Eukaryotes usually make up multicellular* organisms, e.g. humans, where prokaryotes tend to be just one cell

*multicellular – made up of more than 1 cell.

I now know the difference between a Prokaryote and Eukaryote! #Science4EB